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Maidenhead Locator System - all about Grid Squares & Grid Locators
QTH Locator Calculator/Visualizer in Java Java Applet for hams that calculates distance and (antenna-)direction between two locations on the earth and shows them in a map of the world
As of the 19th of October 2005 the Australian Amateur Radio licencing structure has been revised to just three classes:
Advanced : formerly Full, Intermediate and Limited
Standard: formerly Novice and Novice Limited
Foundation: All new entry level class
At the first moment of Wednesday 19 October 2005 the new Australian amateur licence structure will came into force.
At that time, the Determination made by the Australian Communications and Media Authority amending the Amateur Licence Conditions Determination becomes the law.
What does it mean?
It means that as from that time the Foundation licence exists, and we hope that the first Foundation Licences will be issued by the end of this week, to those who qualified at the Foundation training course conducted by the Gold Coast Amateur Radio Society on the weekend of 15 and 16 October.
The amateur Foundation licensee can only use a transmitter that has been manufactured commercially, can only use voice, on either SSB, AM or FM or morse using a manually operated morse key, and not more than 10 watts output power ssb or 3 watts output power AM, FM or CW.
The Foundation station can operate on the 80, 40, 15 and 10 metre bands as well as the 2 metre band and the band 430 to 450 MHz, subject to necessary bandwidth restrictions.
It means that the Standard licence now exists, and this licence includes the existing Novice, and Novice Limited licensees, who now can use any emission mode with a necessary bandwidth not exceeding 8 kHz on the 80, 40, 20 and 15 metre bands, and any emission mode with a necessary bandwidth not exceeding 16 kHz on the 10 metre band, the band 52 to 54 MHz, the 2 metre band, and the bands 430 to 450 MHz, 1240 to 1300 MHz, 2,400 to 2,450 MHz and 5.650 to 5.850 GHz, with no change to the current output power limits of 100 watts and 30 watts.
It means that the Advanced licence exists, and this licence includes the existing Unrestricted licence, the Limited licence and the Intermediate licence, who can use any emission mode with a necessary bandwidth not exceeding 8 kHz on all bands below 24.990 MHz, any emission mode with a necessary bandwidth not exceeding 16 kHz on the 28.00 MHz to 29.70 MHz band, any emission mode with a necessary bandwidth not exceeding 100 kHz on the 6 and 2 metre bands and any emission mode with no bandwidth restriction above 420 MHz, and with no change to the current output power limits of 400 watts and 120 watts.
Full details of the Determination and other administrative details including the arrangements being made by ACMA to substitute new licences for existing licenses can be found at the ACMA website, www.acma.gov.au, and all amateurs are urged to check that site for the full and authorative information.
The WIA welcomes the changes.
WIA President, Michael Owen, VK3KI, said today �The WIA welcomes these long awaited changes, and in particular welcomes the new Foundation licence, which we hope will encourage many newcomers to our exciting interest.
We also know that there will be many amateurs operating on the 40 and 20 metre bands for the first time with those bands available to Standard licensees.
We urge all amateurs to make all these newcomers welcome.
The WIA would also like to acknowledge the cooperative approach of ACMA in establishing the new syllabi for the various licences and the establishment of the new WIA assessment of competency system relying on WIA accredited and registered Assessors, essential for the practical assessment required for the Foundation qualification and, indeed, for any first amateur licence.�
�Our only regret is that we believe that the power limit of 3 watts for AM, FM and CW for the Foundation licence, while perfectly logical, is unrealistic given the output power of commercially available equipment, particularly older equipment, and that the power limit should be 10 watts. (has since been ammended to 10 watts)
The WIA has already drawn ACMA�s attention to this problem, and has requested that the limit be changed at the first opportunity.
That apart, the WIA believes that these changes to the Australian amateur licence structure will strengthen our hobby, and encourage many more people to become licensed radio amateurs.�
|160 metres||1.800 MHz - 1.875 MHz||80 metres||3.500 MHz - 3.700 MHz|
|80 metres||3.500 MHz - 3.800 MHz||40 metres||7.0 00 MHz - 7.300 MHz|
|40 metres||7.0 00 MHz - 7.300 MHz||20 metres||14.000MHz-14.350MHz|
|30 metres||10.100 MHz - 10.150||15 metres||21.000 MHz - 21.450 MHz|
|20 metres||14.000MHz-14.350MHz||10 metres||28.000 MHz - 29.700 MHz|
|17 metres||18.068 MHz -18.168||6 metres||52.000MHz - 54.00MHz|
|15 metres||21.000 MHz - 21.450 MHz||2 metres||144.000 MHz - 148.000 MHz|
|12 metres||24.890 MHz - 24.990 MHz||70 Centimetres||430.000 MHz - 450.000 MHz|
|10 metres||28.000 MHz - 29.700 MHz||23 Centimetres||1240.000 MHz - 1300.000 MHZ|
|6 metres||50.000MHz - 54.00MHz||13 Centimetres||2400.000 MHz - 2450.000 MHz|
|2 metres||144.000 MHz - 148.000 MHz||6 Centimetres||5.650 GHz - 5.850 MHz|
|70 Centimetres||420.000 MHz - 450.000 MHz|
|23 Centimetres||1240.000 MHz - 1300.000 MHZ|
|13 Centimetres||2300.000 MHz - 2450.000 MHz|
|9 Centimetres||3.300 GHz - 3.600 GHz|
|6 Centimetres||5.650 GHz - 5.850 GHz|
|3 Centimetres||10.000 GHz - 10.500 GHz|
|1.25 Centimetres||24.000 GHz- 24.250 GHz|
|7.5 Millimetres||47.000 GHz- 47.200 GHz|
|3.7 Millimetres||76.000 GHz- 81.000 GHz|
|2.5 Millimetres||122.250 GHz- 123.000 GHz|
|2 Millimetres||134.000 GHz- 141.000 GHz|
|1.25 Millimetres||241.000 GHz- 250.000 GHz|
|Band||Frequency||Permitted emission modes all HF bands||Permitted emission modes all VHF/UHF bands|
|80 metres||3.500 MHz - 3.700 MHz||Amplitude Modulation (AM)||Amplitude Modulation (AM)|
|40 metres||7.0 00 MHz - 7.300 MHz||Single Side Band (SSB)||Single Side Band (SSB)|
|15 metres||21.000 MHz - 21.450 MHz||Hand Keyed Morse Code||Hand Keyed Morse Code|
|10 metres||28.000 MHz - 29.700 MHz||Frequency Modulation (FM)|
|2 metres||144.000 MHz - 148.000 MHz|
|70 Centimetres||430.000 MHz - 450.000 MHz|
Foundation Licence operators can only operate in the bands and modes listed above using only commercially manufactured equipment.
Any errors or additions - please Email them to
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